viagra near me new zealand sex viagra tablets australia rhino viagra pill new zealand kamagra chewable review hong kong does viagra keep you hard after you come australia mark martin viagra car south africa propecia amazon new zealand can i buy priligy over the counter australia pastilla cialis south africa is viagra safe to take south africa low price viagra australia best way to take viagra recreationally hong kong viagra coupon 2020 new zealand brand cialis australia metformin and viagra singapore generic viagra si effects australia buy cialis canada hong kong propecia prescription online south africa red viagra pill australia how old do you have to be to take viagra new zealand propecia hong kong how much is generic cialis australia how long does levitra stay in the body new zealand cialis for sale hong kong female viagra porn singapore viagra stuffy nose south africa is viagra a controlled substance south africa ajanta pharma kamagra south africa dog eats viagra singapore viagra name singapore libido max vs viagra hong kong cialis alternative new zealand how does priligy work australia kamagra online australia fake viagra australia how old do you have to be to take viagra australia viagra online south africa levitra blindness singapore female cialis review hong kong how long for cialis to peak australia viagra for women price south africa chewable viagra australia plugging viagra south africa kamagra gold 100 south africa generic viagra for sale singapore maximum dose of cialis singapore viagra for sell south africa cialis cost new zealand what does a viagra pill look like singapore how to get viagra pills hong kong how much cialis can you take south africa chinese viagra pills australia cialis shelf life australia my wife took cialis south africa 200mg viagra reddit hong kong what are the si effects of cialis new zealand silnafil vs cialis hong kong online pharmacy viagra new zealand buy cialis with priligy online south africa rebecca viagran hong kong best viagra for men australia cronadyn vs priligy australia priligy price in india online south africa does viagra make you last longer singapore viagra boys hong kong kamagra oral jelly 50mg new zealand will a walk in clinic prescribe viagra new zealand extenze vs viagra south africa kamagra bestellen erfahrungen south africa viagra free trial hong kong propecia si effects reddit new zealand can viagra cause a stroke hong kong cialis tadalafil australia what was viagra originally used for singapore how fast does viagra work new zealand viagra and food australia how does viagra feel singapore how long for viagra to kick in hong kong viagra over the counter cvs australia canadian pharmacy generic viagra new zealand female cialis review hong kong how to make cialis work better singapore is flomax like viagra singapore max dose viagra singapore how long before viagra works singapore is cialis covered by insurance new zealand cialis costco new zealand how to enhance viagra effects singapore viagra and cialis south africa do i need a prescription for viagra hong kong viagra 100 mg new zealand i am a woman and i took viagra reddit new zealand los viagras new zealand viagra pill images new zealand what does a generic cialis pill look like australia viagra free trial hong kong watermelon rind viagra south africa kangaroo viagra hong kong mixing viagra and cialis hong kong buy viagra without prescription new zealand cialis heart benefits singapore can you buy viagra online singapore buy kamagra 100mg generic viagra australia when should i take viagra australia what is propecia used for hong kong where do you buy viagra new zealand silnafil cialis australia otc viagra cvs new zealand how long for cialis to peak new zealand when should you take cialis hong kong viagra prices costco australia can women take cialis singapore how much is generic viagra australia kamagra per nachnahme bestellen singapore how long does viagra work for singapore where to buy womens viagra new zealand kamagra gold 100 australia difference between viagra and cialis new zealand viagra gif south africa losartan and viagra new zealand over the counter viagra substitute walgreens new zealand best way to take viagra recreationally south africa viagra cream south africa viagra xxx australia flomax and viagra new zealand generic viagra blue pill 100 south africa where can i buy viagra over the counter new zealand best online viagra south africa viagra penis south africa lisinopril and viagra new zealand cheap kamagra pills new zealand what color is viagra hong kong viagra for the brain australia how long do cialis si effects last hong kong viagra logo hong kong goodrx viagra australia viagra didnt work australia propecia cost new zealand viagra professional new zealand mail orr viagra hong kong kamagra store london hong kong how to get viagra sample hong kong propecia hair growth new zealand difference between kamagra and kamagra gold new zealand viagra mg hong kong compare viagra cialis levitra si effects south africa cialis how long does it last australia levitra 10 mg uses new zealand how long does viagra work new zealand how long does viagra take to work australia what does viagra do to a woman hong kong viagra pill color hong kong viagra ingredients singapore how to avoid cialis si effects new zealand bob dole viagra south africa levitra generic name singapore viagra vs hong kong when should you take cialis new zealand does cialis really work south africa roman viagra review south africa what works like viagra over the counter singapore home ma viagra singapore will 10 year old viagra work singapore viagra stories australia does cialis work better than viagra australia real viagra south africa viagra powr south africa benefits of cialis new zealand can viagra make you bigger new zealand cialis brand name singapore silnafil vs viagra australia sex viagra female hong kong que es viagra hong kong viagra for sale new zealand kamagra 100 effervescent tablets singapore priligy 30 mg uses new zealand female viagra cvs hong kong don puedo conseguir viagra new zealand kamagra gold malaysia south africa buy viagra connect south africa levitra 10 mg uses hong kong efectos la viagra new zealand viagra jokes south africa how much is viagra at walgreens south africa viagra wikipedia new zealand how long viagra last hong kong cialis generic best price singapore cheap viagra or cialis australia does viagra expire australia how to make viagra south africa where can i buy viagra over the counter south africa teva generic viagra hong kong cialis 30 mg south africa cialis generico australia rebecca viagran singapore buy viagra online canada singapore foods that enhance viagra australia where can you buy kamagra australia köp priligy south africa how to tell if a man is taking viagra singapore does propecia regrow hair australia cialis versus viagra hong kong molly and viagra australia viagra itsoktocry hong kong cialis headache australia buy cialis online without prescription hong kong cialis online without prescription hong kong how to get cialis prescription australia kamagra vs viagra forum hong kong viagra how long does it last south africa taking cialis and viagra together hong kong viagras cartel new zealand cialis on line hong kong when does viagra patent expire hong kong cialis name hong kong viagra com new zealand viagra soft singapore drugs like viagra south africa get viagra prescription online hong kong viagra gold australia viagra moa singapore best time to take viagra south africa viagra and blood pressure singapore kamagra jelly singapore viagra interactions singapore 200mg viagra reddit south africa viagra 100mg online in canada singapore viagra connect walgreens hong kong fake cialis pill australia kamagra oral jelly dosage south africa does cialis lose effectiveness over time hong kong is viagra good for your heart hong kong what is cialis used for singapore cialis reddit new zealand over the counter viagra substitute walgreens hong kong viagra para mujeres en walgreens new zealand what if viagra doesnt work south africa viagra 100mg online in canada new zealand priligy dapoxetine review new zealand viagra for men australia viagra connect singapore viagra pill price hong kong cialis price south africa what if a woman takes viagra new zealand cvs generic viagra price south africa how long does cialis take to kick in singapore viagra generico hong kong cialis free trial voucher 2020 south africa is there a generic cialis available australia stendra vs viagra south africa why is viagra so expensive hong kong viagra feminino singapore levitra south africa maximum dose of cialis south africa how to enhance cialis effect hong kong propecia dosage hong kong los viagras new zealand cialis pills online singapore can you take viagra with high blood pressure hong kong how to make cialis work better hong kong cialis pills online singapore can you buy viagra south africa kamagra 100mg oral jelly south africa how quickly does viagra work hong kong kamagra first hong kong purchase viagra south africa kamagra 100mg oral jelly suppliers hong kong viagra heart attack singapore diabetes viagra australia goodrx viagra australia can i buy viagra at new zealand que es el priligy australia cialis generic name new zealand viagra company hong kong don comprar viagra hong kong viagra and enlarged prostate singapore cialis after prostate surgery singapore taking viagra daily hong kong what is cialis used for singapore comprar kamagra online españa singapore liquid viagra drink singapore can you take viagra if you have high blood pressure new zealand viagra patent australia cialis fake pills singapore kamagra green 100mg new zealand what does generic viagra look like singapore walgreens generic viagra hong kong levitra or cialis which is better south africa 40mg cialis reddit new zealand buy priligy online south africa buy viagra without prescription singapore cialis what is it new zealand cialis without prescription singapore levitra generic release date new zealand how long does it take for female viagra to work south africa drugs like viagra south africa can you buy viagra online south africa how long before sex should i take cialis south africa buy kamagra oral jelly in india south africa viritenz vs viagra hong kong how much do 100mg viagra go for on the street hong kong how much cialis to take singapore viagra pill color singapore can i take 2 viagra 100mg singapore adcirca vs cialis new zealand grapefruit juice and viagra australia can you buy viagra over the counter hong kong roman viagra review australia wellbutrin viagra hong kong cialis image singapore reddit cialis singapore what would happen if a girl took viagra new zealand viagra competitor australia can you buy over the counter viagra new zealand viagra competitor new zealand acheter priligy south africa womens viagra over the counter new zealand erectile dysfunction viagra singapore kamagra oral jelly 50mg australia viagra over the counter cvs new zealand real viagra australia can you buy viagra over the counter hong kong is female viagra real hong kong kamagra shop online hong kong lemonaid health viagra reviews hong kong is viagra fund by government new zealand does medicare cover viagra australia where can i buy viagra without a prescription hong kong how to enhance cialis effect south africa can you drink on viagra south africa levitra vs cialis hong kong where to get female viagra australia pastilla cialis hong kong how old do you have to be to buy viagra hong kong viagra competitor south africa what is levitra used for hong kong how long does it take for cialis to peak singapore how to take viagra australia can i buy viagra over the counter hong kong cialis daily vs on mand hong kong super viagra 200mg new zealand how old do u have to be to buy viagra new zealand viagra history hong kong can you buy viagra without a prescription south africa priligy 30 mg nedir australia efectos secundarios la viagra new zealand female viagra review south africa free cialis samples singapore does viagra make you bigger new zealand levitra cialis online new zealand how does levitra work singapore propecia hair growth hong kong what does a cialis pill look like singapore diy viagra australia propecia alternative australia viagra without ed australia what is the generic name for viagra in south africa viagra without a doctor prescription new zealand viagra overdose new zealand viagra price canada australia viagra para mujer don comprar south africa viagro australia priligy dosage instructions singapore when viagra doesnt work australia dick on viagra south africa do i need a prescription for viagra hong kong is there a female viagra singapore orr viagra south africa female viagra pill australia do you need a prescription for viagra in the us south africa cialis 5 mg hong kong cialis meme south africa where to buy viagra pills australia when viagra doesnt work diabetes new zealand pictures of cialis pills new zealand levitra price singapore viagra song australia what is a viagra pill singapore how to take levitra australia kamagra oral jeely singapore buy cialis canada australia kamagra cialis biz avis south africa viagra price canada new zealand cialis results south africa dapoxétine priligy prix south africa kamagra oral jelly 50mg singapore similar to viagra south africa cialis daily si effects australia viagra pill price new zealand viagra overdose new zealand cialis or viagra singapore is 20mg cialis equal to 100mg viagra new zealand cialis before and after pictures singapore lady viagra australia 10 mg cialis singapore is silnafil as good as viagra south africa cialis 5 mg tablet singapore cialis heartburn south africa cialis difficulty ejaculating australia orr viagra hong kong how long does propecia take to work south africa viagra competitor hong kong generic viagra dosage south africa viagra alternative australia female viagra for sale south africa cialis cost singapore does viagra affect women south africa how long will viagra last new zealand cialis best price hong kong can i take two 5mg cialis at once new zealand cialis 10mg price australia priligy dapoxetine new zealand cialis experience new zealand generic viagra prices new zealand levitra mg singapore propecia reddit hong kong tadalafil vs viagra singapore kamagra store new zealand where can i get viagra australia buy viagra cvs singapore how long for propecia to work new zealand active ingredient in cialis south africa best generic cialis singapore viagra for men for sale australia kamagra tabletta south africa generic viagra no prescription hong kong best time of day to take cialis for bph south africa kamagra jelly 100mg buy online in india new zealand girl viagra pill new zealand horse viagra hong kong cialis high blood pressure south africa off brand viagra singapore viagra amazon hong kong cialis experience forum australia where can i buy viagra over the counter south africa liquid viagra kamagra new zealand propecia si effects reddit new zealand where can i buy viagra without a prescription hong kong black cialis new zealand pills like viagra over the counter south africa does viagra increase heart rate singapore levitra 10 mg film coated tablets singapore kamagra green 100mg south africa what stores sell viagra south africa cialis what is it singapore does medicare pay for viagra australia viagra in singapore cialis 20mg price hong kong cvs viagra over the counter hong kong 60 mg cialis singapore viagra dosage new zealand cialis online amazon hong kong viagra for sell hong kong priligy online new zealand pornhub viagra south africa kamagra blue pill hong kong hims viagra australia can you take viagra daily australia can you take viagra with priligy australia how viagra works new zealand viagra para mujer cvs singapore levitra 100mg 30 tablets south africa viagra tablet online hong kong ecstasy and viagra south africa can you take cialis and viagra at the same time new zealand cialis how does it work south africa does cialis shrink an enlarged prostate hong kong los viagras new zealand is there a generic cialis available in the us australia viagra boys street worms new zealand overnight viagra south africa cialis cost per pill new zealand does viagra go bad south africa viagra at cvs south africa viagra for younger man singapore where to buy viagra connect australia buy kamagra fast livery hong kong viagra over the counter singapore viagra injection south africa cialis 25mg australia how to take viagra with water or milk south africa how many mg of viagra should i take australia efectos la viagra hong kong viagra masculino singapore how much is cialis hong kong can you snort viagra new zealand benefits of cialis australia chewable viagra south africa cialis daily review singapore viagra price cvs hong kong how much is cialis singapore instant natural viagra hong kong my wife took cialis south africa viagra trial australia gas station viagra pills singapore how to make natural viagra with immediate effect australia generic form of viagra new zealand can you take cialis and viagra at the same time hong kong how to buy viagra in singapore viagra best price singapore when viagra doesnt work diabetes hong kong cialis website hong kong expired kamagra new zealand lisinopril and viagra australia liquid viagra australia buy generic cialis hong kong viagra dosage hong kong how to avoid stuffy nose with viagra singapore african viagra hong kong viagra competitor new zealand viagra si effects hong kong viagra for women singapore best cialis dose hong kong viagra 25mg singapore viagra si effects alcohol new zealand reddit viagra hong kong generic cialis reviews australia can you snort viagra singapore girl takes viagra australia how to make viagra work faster australia the kamagra store hong kong kamagra gold online south africa kangaroo viagra australia levitra 40 mg hong kong kamagra 100mg oral jelly suppliers south africa recreational viagra reddit singapore how long for propecia to work new zealand cialis dosage 40 mg new zealand revatio vs viagra new zealand how to get viagra singapore dog ate viagra singapore female version of viagra new zealand cialis brand name australia cialis and bph south africa what milligrams does cialis come in australia is viagra covered by medicare australia si effects of viagra in olr men south africa stepmom viagra new zealand does cialis make you bigger hong kong viagra sublingual singapore where can i get viagra hong kong how long is viagra good for singapore female viagra review singapore does medicare pay for viagra new zealand viagra for pulmonary hypertension south africa generic cialis name singapore what happens if a woman takes a viagra australia priligy hong kong kamagra effervescent 100mg singapore viagra what is it new zealand cialis and high blood pressure south africa viagra sex australia poppers and viagra new zealand what are the si effects of cialis singapore teva viagra new zealand kamagra oral jelly south africa does viagra make you harr australia kamagra effervescent 100mg australia what is levitra used for new zealand sister gives brother viagra hong kong what is the difference between viagra and cialis south africa sex viagra pills australia similar to viagra australia do pornstars take viagra singapore viagra headache south africa how does viagra feel singapore viagra sex vios south africa buy levitra online australia kamagra 100 effervescent tablets south africa how often can you take cialis australia cialis daily dosage australia 200mg viagra reddit australia viagra boys sports new zealand viagra not working for performance anxiety singapore is viagra safe new zealand pictures of cialis pills singapore the prince family viagra prank australia how long before viagra takes effect hong kong viagra and heart disease australia after pictures viagra before and after photos hong kong can i take 40mg of cialis hong kong how much does viagra cost at cvs australia buy cialis online hong kong viagra prescription cost south africa how long for cialis to work hong kong do viagra pills expire australia can i take cialis and viagra together south africa viagra para hombre en singapore cialis contraindications south africa levitra and exercise singapore does daily cialis lower blood pressure australia viagra spray australia female viagra pill cvs new zealand can girls take viagra singapore do you need a prescription for viagra in singapore mail orr viagra singapore kamagra 100 south africa can i get viagra over the counter australia viagra near me australia buy original levitra online new zealand cialis tv commercial south africa viagra type pills south africa cialis ad south africa female version of viagra hong kong how to get viagra or cialis hong kong discount viagra new zealand viagra venta singapore how to treat back pain from cialis australia viagra trial new zealand cialis max dose new zealand cost of viagra at cvs south africa how to get a viagra prescription from your doctor new zealand viagra generic name hong kong is there a generic viagra south africa does viagra help with pe new zealand viagra empty stomach new zealand viagra for men and women new zealand viagra pills over the counter australia over the counter womens viagra hong kong viagra online canada new zealand acheter priligy singapore viagra generic over the counter hong kong viagra 100mg australia priligy price in india online new zealand viagra medicine singapore how long before viagra takes effect new zealand is there a generic cialis available in the us south africa cialis results south africa viagra online canadian pharmacy new zealand buy kamagra oral jelly in india singapore better than viagra australia spell viagra hong kong cialis actress singapore what is generic viagra australia does chewing up viagra work faster singapore viagra pills for sale australia other uses for viagra hong kong viagra and blood pressure south africa buy kamagra fast livery australia cialis meaning hong kong women viagra near me australia black viagra 200mg south africa metformin and viagra new zealand super kamagra south africa viagra injection australia how does viagra feel new zealand how long does it take for cialis to work australia cheap cialis singapore female viagra prank new zealand canadian pharmacy cialis 20mg south africa propecia si effects singapore cialis reviews by users south africa viagra mujer australia what happens when a female takes viagra south africa buy propecia online singapore viagra 100 singapore viagra pill 100mg new zealand que es viagra new zealand does viagra raise your blood pressure new zealand what is propecia used for south africa what does viagra do to you new zealand viagra shelf life new zealand lady viagra tablet south africa does cialis really work singapore can women take propecia south africa can you take cialis and viagra together australia viagra pill walgreens south africa viagra supplement new zealand viagra white pill australia what happens when a woman takes viagra australia stepmom viagra australia generic propecia south africa free viagra new zealand mom son viagra australia 20mg generic cialis pill new zealand cialis directions new zealand canadian pharmacy ezzz cialis new zealand cialis price cvs hong kong how long does propecia take to work singapore pink viagra 100mg australia cialis experience forum singapore blue viagra pills new zealand is virmax like viagra singapore female viagra new zealand cialis without a doctor prescription singapore viagra in stores australia cialis generic best price new zealand kamagra 24 hour livery australia viagra doses 200 mg australia viagra moa australia propecia cost australia another name for viagra south africa pink pussycat viagra hong kong viagra for men price hong kong how long for cialis to peak australia priligy dapoxetine price south africa kamagra 100mg new zealand mom helps son with viagra south africa viagra instructions australia kamagra 100 silnafil citrate chewable tablets 100 mg south africa pictures of generic viagra pills australia don puedo conseguir viagra australia how to get cialis online new zealand viagra original purpose south africa viagra capsule hong kong girl on viagra south africa cialis dosage for ed south africa how long does it take for cialis to take effect new zealand levitra cost hong kong cialis free trial voucher 2020 hong kong cialis and high blood pressure australia cialis 20mg daily south africa what is cialis australia what happens if you take too much viagra new zealand viagra for women si effects new zealand cheap cialis online south africa cialis meaning south africa can girls take viagra australia viagra precio hong kong cialis reviews reddit australia how to get viagra sample new zealand tamsulosin and viagra south africa how long do viagra pills last south africa viagra heartburn singapore cialis instructions hong kong super kamagra 100mg south africa cialis time to work australia ajanta kamagra oral jelly australia adrall and viagra reddit singapore expired kamagra singapore can i buy viagra over the counter australia kamagra jelly for sale south africa viagra vs cialis vs levitra price australia how long for cialis to peak new zealand cialis no prescription south africa what is generic viagra hong kong kamagra sex australia kamagra amsterdam where to buy new zealand cheap cialis online singapore women viagra hong kong how much is generic cialis australia viagra para mujer don comprar south africa female viagra pill cvs south africa does viagra singapore can you cut viagra in half singapore how long before sex should you take viagra new zealand chinese viagra pills new zealand viagra para mujer don comprar australia natural viagra foods south africa where to buy female viagra pill australia does viagra help with pe south africa kamagra opasnosti australia viagra drug interactions south africa viagra 25mg australia natural alternative to viagra australia cocaine and viagra hong kong cialis wiki singapore female viagra prank singapore what milligrams does cialis come in singapore does viagra help with pe new zealand cialis 5mg si effects south africa what is female viagra australia red viagra australia can i buy viagra without a prescription hong kong cheap viagra pills south africa what works better viagra or cialis new zealand cialis bathtub new zealand best herbal viagra singapore diabetes and viagra australia girl takes viagra new zealand roman cialis south africa female viagra pill near me south africa viagra reviews australia pastilla viagra singapore how much viagra should i take the first time new zealand is viagra fund by government hong kong buy kamagra oral jelly australia efectos la viagra new zealand priligy viagra kombination australia 100mg viagra cost hong kong viagra by mail new zealand joker cialis south africa viagra feminino new zealand what happens when a female takes viagra hong kong viagra white pill south africa cialis indication australia rogaine and propecia singapore don comprar viagra singapore how much is a viagra pill singapore viagra jokes new zealand don puedo comprar viagra south africa viagra free trial hong kong what happens if you take viagra australia viagra for pulmonary hypertension hong kong levitra online kaufen utschland australia how to make viagra work better south africa can viagra lower blood pressure south africa buy priligy new zealand priligy in south africa how long does it take viagra to kick in singapore chewable viagra hong kong viagra movie hong kong kamagra jelly next day livery singapore viagra for sale online hong kong priligy medication australia is kamagra jelly safe south africa viagra over the counter cvs singapore buy cialis over the counter new zealand viagra sublingual hong kong cialis vs flomax singapore can you take viagra daily new zealand how to make viagra work better south africa what does a generic cialis pill look like hong kong kamagra gold reviews australia cheap cialis south africa viagra classification new zealand can you take viagra if you have high blood pressure new zealand does viagra help with pe singapore how many inches does viagra give you singapore viagra efectos south africa is cialis stronger than viagra australia cheap kamagra pills south africa köp priligy australia how do you spell viagra hong kong kamagra oral jelly günstig kaufen paypal new zealand levitra price singapore viagra natural new zealand cialis no prescription hong kong what happens if you take too much viagra south africa does cialis cause heartburn hong kong

Kyphosis

What is kyphosis?

Kyphosis is the abnormal curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back) and can also develop in the cervical spine (neck) and lumbar spine (lower back). The deformity typically appears as an outward curve in the upper back that produces a hump or hunched forward appearance.

Everyone has a normal amount of curvature of the spine (up to 450) which provides space for the heart and lungs. Kyphosis produces curvatures greater than 500. Kyphosis may be discovered during a scoliosis screening at your child’s school or by their pediatrician.

Kyphosis is a disorder of the spine frequently seen in adolescents but can affect anyone at any age. Most cases are mild and can be monitored but generally do not cause problems and do not require treatment. Serious curvatures may warrant spinal fusion surgery.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms include: A rounded upper back, a visible hump on the back, mild to severe back pain, fatigue, muscle stiffness and spasms, difficulty standing up straight and tight hamstrings.

What causes Kyphosis?

Postural Kyphosis in children and adolescents is the result of poor posture – slouching. It frequently affects adolescent girls, but generally doesn’t cause problems and is correctable with observation or postural exercises.

Scheuermann’s Kyphosis is a structural abnormality of the upper spine caused by abnormal rates of growth rates of the spinal discs and the spine during puberty. The abnormally shaped vertebrae thicken and push the spine out of position. It is often treated with monitoring, bracing and physical therapy. Surgery may be considered for severe deformity.

Congenital kyphosis is present at birth caused by a disruption of normal development in utero. There is a wide range of severity. Congenital kyphosis worsens as the child grows and can produce scoliosis, and other deformities. Children with congenital kyphosis may also have other birth defects including heart and kidney defects.

Congenital kyphosis is rare but can destroy the spine without treatment. Early growth-friendly surgery is the recommended procedure to re-align the spine and prevent progression.

Neuromuscular kyphosis results from some neurological diseases like cerebral palsy, spina bifida and muscular dystrophy. Surgery may improve quality of life.

Kyphosis may also develop due to the nutritional deficiency of Vitamin D, trauma and spondylolisthesis (abnormal slipping or dislocation of the vertebrae)

How is kyphosis diagnosed?

The first the concern is often the appearance of the child’s spine. Referral to a specialist is important to obtain an accurate diagnosis. Dr. Shufflebarger will review your child’s complete medical history, ask questions about your their symptoms and general health, and evaluate the curvature. He will also perform some common tests to assess your child’s balance, range of motion and muscle strength. Diagnosis is based on a physical examination and x-rays. Additional imaging studies may be required.

Treatment depends upon the cause, the age of the patient and the severity of the curvature.

Nonsurgical treatments are usually recommended to treat symptoms including pain management, physical therapy and bracing. Surgery is reserved for severe cases when the kyphosis is progressing, the patient is in severe pain that is not relieved with conservative management, the physical deformity is intolerable, the patient is at risk for or has developed neurological compression, and for children with congenital kyphosis.

Importantly, parents should understand that the it is vital to receive the services of a specialist in pediatric spine disorders. In addition to his many accomplishments in research and innovation in pediatric spine conditions, Dr. Shufflebarger is a kind and compassionate doctor who is sought out by parents the world over.